15/04/2018

Vegetable Mélange

It’s the only name I could give it, to be honest, as the ideas in my head ranged from Moroccan to Persian to Turkish to Greek all in one morning and I think I eventually shoved in everything I had, apart from the things that wouldn’t actually fit in the pot.

I started out, as I often do when I need inspiration, in the local Turkish grocer, eyeing up what vegetables they had. I’d already got aubergines, which I’d planned to bake with white miso as my husband was going to be away (he doesn’t like the smell of miso), but then it turned out that he wasn’t going to be away after all so I needed to plan something else for my dinner.

It’s hard not to buy everything they have as it’s all so good, but I tried very hard not to, and then I spotted some lovely looking leeks, so thought of the braised leeks from Istanbul And Beyond, and then there were big boxes of fresh herbs as I went past the leeks. The mint looked and smelled so good, that had to come home with me so it went in to the basket. Mint in a vegetable stew adds such a delicious back note that people often can’t define, and I’ve become quite addicted to using it that way. Try it in a green bean, garlic and tomato braise, it’s delicious.

Then I recalled Olia Hercules singing the praises of dill, so thought it was time I got over my dislike of that delicately frondy herb. Maybe using it as a vegetable not as a fresh herb might do the trick.  In it went. Parsley adds a lemony freshness, and lots of colour, so that came home with me too.  There is something so…Mediterranean about wandering home with big bunches of fresh herbs sticking out of your bag.

Once I got home, winging it as I was, I first had a Moroccan tagine in my head, heady with cinnamon and fruit, then a Persian stew, with the big, bold green flavours in there that come from entire bunches of herbs. I recalled the Turkish lamb and leek braise which I’d loved, but I just didn’t want meat, and pondered about Greek green beans and tomatoes and feta. It gets busy in the cooking part of my brain!  I just started with the aubergines in the end, and then made it up from there as I went along.

You will need a large frying pan, and a large capacity pot for this. My casserole dish holds 4 litres.

Vegetable Mélange

2 medium aubergines, cut in half lengthways and then cut across into large chunks

1 carrot, sliced into 5mm thick rounds

2 large leeks, halved, cut into 3 inch pieces then rinsed well

1 can chickpeas, drained

1 large potato, skin on, cut into quarters

8 dates stoned and halved

2 heaped tbs red pepper paste

1 heaped tbs tomato puree

1 tin chopped tomatoes

1 bunch mint

1 bunch parsley

1/2 bunch dill

2 tsp cumin

1 tsp chilli (I use pul biber as it has a gentle heat)

1 tsp dried mint

1 tsp cinnamon

1 tsp salt

1 veggie stock cube

water to cover

extra virgin olive oil

Pop the aubergine chunks into a large frying pan, but with no oil initially, just a light sprinkle of salt.

Cook them on a medium heat, to get some colour on the cut sides. Add a touch of oil on a cube it starts to stick.

Once all the sides have some good colour, pop them into a large casserole dish.

Add the tomato paste and red pepper paste to the frying pan, with 1 tbs olive oil.

Stir and fry the pastes for about 5 minutes, it intensifies their flavours.

Stir in the leeks and coat well with the pastes, then add them to the casserole pot too.

Pour in the tin of drained chickpeas, then the chopped tomatoes along with their juice, then add that can full of water.

In with the spices! Cumin, pul biber, dried mint, cinnamon, salt.

Tuck in a veggie stock cube.

Add the carrot and large chunks of potato, then it the water level needs raising to cover it all, do so now.

Mix it all really well, and leave it to simmer, covered, for about an hour or two, stirring every so often to make sure the stock cube has dissolved.

Once all the vegetables are tender, chop up all the herbs, holding a little bit of each back for later, and add them in too.

Add a good 2-3 tablespoons of olive oil, which enriches the juices, and stir again.

Cover and cook on the lowest heat you can for another 2 hours, then simmer uncovered, until the liquid level has reduced down by about a centimetre or two and the colour has darkened. You want it more like a stew than a soup.

Taste it, and see if you think it needs more salt or chilli for your taste.

I served mine with bulghur wheat as rice fills me up way too fast.

Bulghur Wheat Side Dish

2/3 cup of medium bulghur wheat

Enough water to cover the wheat by 1 cm

1/2 tsp salt

1 heaped tablespoon of the red pepper paste

2 tbs chopped dill

Put the bulghur in a pan or bowl.

Stir in the salt, and the paste.

Add the water, and keep mixing the paste in.

I microwaved mine in a jug for 2 minutes, then let it sit with the cling film on for 10 minutes.

It looked a bit dry, so I added 2 tbs of water, and stirred in the dill.

Microwaved for another minute, and let it sit, covered, until I was ready to serve it up.

I piled the stew over the bulghur, and added more chopped herbs, plus a little olive oil and plain Greek yoghurt.

Before cooking down

Finished dish

14/04/2018

Nigel Slater’s Middle East: Fragrant Lebanese Rice Pudding, a variation

I adore rice pudding. From the vanilla laden stodge in a can which I will eat cold, to the snackpots, and through to the very best baked and sugared topped-with-a-baked-skin that Nans make, I will eat them all and go back for more.

It’s nursery food I suppose, but for me it’s definitely a comfort food in that I would always get fed a milk pudding if I’d not been well. It’s recovery food. If your tummy is feeling all stretched and worn, or your throat has been raspy and full of raw tickle, then a rice, macaroni, tapioca or even sago pudding just slips down easily. 

One day recently I was at home, and full of vertigo with wobbly legs, so I desperately wanted comfort food. I very carefully made this for my tea, and I think it took roughly 15 minutes beginning to end.

I had no pudding rice, but I did have the ever fragrant Basmati, and that morning I’d watched the veritable television hug that was Nigel Slater’s Middle East, so I knew what I needed.

When I realised I didn’t have much milk (I needed to stretch it out in order to leave some to make tea with) I used half evaporated coconut milk and half milk. I suppose you could do half milk and half water, but it wouldn’t have that same richness.

I more or less halved the recipe that was on the BBC website, and adjusted the fruit to what I had.

75g basmati rice

125ml evaporated coconut milk

125ml full-fat milk

1 tbsp golden caster sugar

1 tsp vanilla paste

8 dried apricots, chopped

2 tbs sultanas

1/2 tsp cinnamon

1/4 tsp Spice Sanctuary Sweet Delights mix (you really do not need much)

1 tsp rosewater

1 tsp orange blossom water

12g shelled pistachios, roughly chopped

1 tbs toasted coconut curls

A few food-grade rose petals

Put the rice in a medium-sized, heavy-based pan, and add in the milks, sugar and vanilla.

Bring to the boil over a medium heat, then reduce the heat until the milk is bubbling gently.

Stir in the cinnamon, Sweet Delight, sultanas and apricots.

Allow to simmer for 25 minutes, or until the rice is tender, giving it the occasional stir.

If it needs more liquid, just add more coconut milk.

Serve piled with the  finely chopped pistachios and coconut curls, plus a few rose petals if you wish. I did wish, as I wanted it to look as pretty as I wasn’t feeling.

That worked as both lunch and dinner for me, and I fell asleep still extremely dizzy, but very happy.

Lebanese Rice Pudding

Spelt Flour Koulourakia–Easter Cookies

I try to make these every Easter. Buttery, short cookies that are moreish and come flavoured with orange or lemon or vanilla. As I had no fresh oranges, I decided to go with orange blossom water, orange extract and mastiha, seeing as I had some left over from making the savoury hot cross buns. I really wanted to make them dairy free too, so that my colleague could eat them, and the spelt was for the same reason, although not for the same person.

The non dairy spread was pleasant to use, much faster to work with as it was soft straight from the fridge, although I did need more flour than planned.

I used a stand mixer for this but I have done it by hand in the past. 


200g Vitalite dairy free spread (or soft butter)

130g icing sugar

6 mastic tears, ground finely with ½ tsp demerara sugar

1 medium egg (aquafaba may well work here)

2 tbs coconut milk (or dairy milk)

400-500g white spelt flour

1 tsp baking powder

1 tsp orange flower water

1 tsp orange extract

Pinch salt

Sesame seeds (optional)

Warning: The Vitalite spread doesn’t harden up like butter in the fridge, so be prepared for your hands to feel oily when you shape the cookies.


Put the spread and icing sugar in a large bowl, or in the bowl of a stand mixer.

Mix gently/on low. (I cover the mixer with a towel so that the sugar doesn’t cloud out too much.)

Add in the ground mastic, the egg, milk, 400g of the flour, baking powder, salt and flavourings.

Mix well/mix on low until it all comes together. If it looks way too sticky, just keep adding flour a spoon at a time until it starts to stick together and gather around the spoon/beater.

It should be soft, and a bit squidgy, but it should not stick to your hands.

Shape it into a disc, wrap it in cling film and leave it in the fridge for a good hour.

When you want to shape the cookies, the shapes are up to you!

I like ‘S’ shapes, as that’s what I grew up with, but whatever shape you like is fine. Some people make twists, some circles, some S shapes. I roll mine out into a rope, then curl each end in to make the ‘snail shell’ of the S.

Some of the edges will crack when you roll and shape them, but that’s fine too.

Lay them onto lined baking trays, spaced about 2 cm apart. They will spread a bit, but if the dough is kept cold, not that much. It is a very forgiving dough, too, you feel free to re-shape if you like.

I did not egg wash mine, as I’m not overly keen on it, to be honest but do feel free to do so! Sprinkle with sesame seeds if you want to use them.

Bake for 20 minutes at 175°C. If they haven’t turned golden on the edges then put them back in for another 5 minutes. I don’t think a non dairy spread lends itself easily to goldenness.

cookies

 

close up

13/04/2018

Winging It: Bulghur Wheat Burgers

This recipe is entirely Sabrina Ghayour’s fault. A lot of my cooking is her fault, to be honest.

She posted a photo of these bulghur wheat balls, and I remembered I had a pack of the wheat to use up, so I hit the kitchen, soon discovering that I didn’t have coriander leaves, or an onion.  Or dried cranberries. Or quite enough bulghur wheat. So here’s where the winging it started.

(NOTE: I suspect I hadn’t cooked the wheat for long enough as the stuff WOULD NOT stick together so that’s why I have ground almonds and gram flour in my version. More winging it.)

4oz bulgur wheat (I used medium)


1 medium free-range egg (or 2-3 tbs aquafaba)


2-3 tbs ready fried crispy onions


1 heaped tsp turmeric


1 heaped tsp ground cumin


1/2 tsp ground cinnamon


½ –1 tsp pul biber


6 large mint leaves, finely chopped


1 tsp dried mint


3 heaped tbs dried barberries


4 level tbs ground almonds


3 level tbs gram flour


1/2 tsp sea salt


4 tbsp olive oil


Cook the bulgur wheat for a little longer than the packet instructions say, so it’s very puffy, about 20 minutes. (My pack said to cover with water and simmer until all the water had gone, so that’s what I did.)

Rinse under cold water to remove the starch and leave to drain until cool enough to handle.

Preheat the oven to 180C/160C Fan/Gas 4.

Mix all the ingredients, except the oil, for the bulgur wheat balls together. Mix it really well to make sure the flour is distributed.

Squeeze the mixture using your hands so it sticks together. If it won’t hold, add a little more gram flour.

I took half a packed cup of the mixture, and shaped it into burgers. The mix made 2 big burgers, and 3 little balls shaped with a cookie scoop.

Heat a frying pan that can also go in the oven and add the oil. Heat it gently, then once hot add the burgers carefully and fry or 3-4 minutes on each side until they go golden.

I finished them in the oven for 5-10 minutes to make sure the gram flour was cooked out.

I served my one in a brioche burger bun, with tahini slathered on both buns, fresh mint leaves, and a drizzle of pomegranate molasses for a delicious tang.

I really liked this, and will make it again for certain. Just need to buy more bulghur wheat…

Burger and bun

Close up

09/04/2018

Lemon Semolina Cake

Originally this was a honey and lemon semolina cake, where it got drenched in a syrup after cooking. It was an absolutely gorgeous cake, I made it for my 40th, but my tastes don’t run as much to sweet nearly a decade on so I decided on a variation.

It’s my last Cake Club at work this week, so I made it for them.

It is flourless cake, though it’s NOT gluten free as semolina is made from durum wheat.


125g softened butter (I used Vitalite as it is dairy free and I have a dairy intolerant colleague)

1/2 cup sugar

1 1/2 tbs finely grated lemon rind

2 eggs

2 tbs brandy or rum or just lemon jujice

1 cup fine semolina

1 cup ground almonds

1/4 cup finely chopped pistachios

1 tsp baking power

1/2 tsp lemon extract

1/2 tsp almond extract

1/8 tsp ground cardamom

pinch salt


Heat oven to 200C.

Whisk soft spread, sugar and lemon rind together until fluffy.

Add the eggs one at a time, beating after each addition.

Stir in the brandy and the flavourings, plus the cardamom.

Add semolina, almonds and baking powder then whisk again.

Put into an oiled tin (I used a silicone loaf tin lined with a paper liner because it looks quaint)

I put candied lemon slices on it, as I had some to use up, and dotted a few pistachios around.

Reduce oven to 180C, put the cake in and bake for 30-35 minutes until a skewer comes out clean.

Allow to cool and then poke holes all over it with a skewer if using the syrup.



Optional Topping from original recipe


2 packs shelled pistachio nuts

Juice of 1/2 a lemon

Clear honey

Toast pistachios lightly in a dry pan.

Add enough clear honey to coat them all, then add the juice of 1/2 a lemon.

Heat gently to mix. Taste a bit of the syrup, if it is too sharp, add another spoon of honey.

Pour the warm syrup all over the cake.

Leave to soak in.

semolina lemon cake

08/04/2018

Greek Easter Buns

Orthodox Easter can’t be pinned down. It wanders about, never in the same place. Every year those of us without a Greek family group nearby to remind us, Google “When is Orthodox Easter?” with the vague worry that we might have missed it. The Orthodox Easter dates are often different because they are based on the old Julian calendar. Although most of the world now follows the Gregorian calendar, the Eastern Orthodox Church still uses the earlier Julian calendar for calculating the dates of festivals such as Easter that are not fixed. When they happen to occur at the same time, there’s a flurry of activity and a bit of a dilemma between eating all the chocolate and all the flaounes. Thankfully most of us like lamb at Easter, so we’re ok there.

I’m not a churchgoer, though if there was a Greek church near me I’d probably pop in just to light a candle, and immerse myself in the smell of beeswax and incense. Greek Church incense is one of my favourite smells. It gets into the very walls and furnishings of places and never leaves.  I’d burn it at home if I could but my husband would hate it.

I really wanted to make a Cypriot version of hot cross buns. I wanted them to be savoury not sweet, but still with a nod to Greek tradition, with the red eggs. Cypriot Easter pastries – flaounes - have many delicious, scented ingredients in them, and I wanted all of those in my baked creation. There had to be halloumi and mint. There had to be sweet bombs of sultanas, a hint of sesame and cinnamon and there just had to be the underlying resinous scent of mastichi. So off I went.

You can put red dyed quail eggs in them, or pipe crosses, or just brush with beaten egg and sprinkle sesame seeds, it’s entirely  up to you.

Things that I never knew, that I know now: You cannot reliably dye quail eggs, as the speckles are not shell-deep, they're just a very thin layer. I ended up with white eggs, and all of the patterns slid off into the sink. The whitened eggs took the colour afterwards, once I found proper egg dye. Things I do so you don’t have to.

Note: I used a food processor for the cheese mix, and a stand mixer for the dough itself, because it’s just far easier on my rubbish hands, but if you are able bodied you can just as easily grate the cheeses, finely chop the mint and make the dough by hand with the handle of a wooden spoon and elbow grease.

Cheese Mix

1 tsp ground cinnamon

250g halloumi

200g cheddar

150g sultanas

1 bunch fresh mint (leaves only, I’d say about half a packed cup)

1 – 2 tsp dried mint

The Dough

500g strong white bread flour, plus extra in case the dough is too sticky, and for dusting when you knead to bring it together

8g salt

75g caster sugar

1 tsp cinnamon

1 tsp ground mastichi tears (grind them with sugar, it’s much easier.)

14g instant yeast

40g soft butter

2 medium eggs, beaten

120ml hand hot full-fat milk

120ml hand hot water

For the crosses

75g plain flour

75ml water

2 tsp tahini

Cheese!

Cube the halloumi and cheddar.

Strip the mint leaves off the stalks.

Pop all of this plus the dried mint and cinnamon into a food processor and whizz until it is fine crumbs.

Mix in the sultanas and then leave it to sit while you make the dough.

Dough

Tip the flour into a large mixing bowl/stand mixer and add the salt, sugar, yeast, ground mastic and cinnamon then give it a good mix.

Add in the butter, water, milk and egg then 2-3 cups of the halloumi/cheddar/mint mixture. Add as much as you wish, or as much as you think the dough will take. I used 2 cups of it, but I think it could take 3.

Next add the butter and pour the hand-hot milk and the hand-hot water over the butter followed by the beaten egg.

Now mix everything to a dough, starting with a spatula and finishing with your hands until it is all combined, evenly mixed and leaves the bowl clean. (I used the dough hook on low so that nothing splashed out of the bowl)

If it is too sticky to be cohesive, add flour 50g at a time until it comes together into a ball. It will be a little tacky because of the mastic.

Next cover the bowl with a polythene bag (I used a shower cap) and leave it at room temperature to rise – it will take about 1½ hours to 2 hours to double its original volume. It does go whoosh a bit nearer to the end time.

Turn the dough out on to a clean work surface (you shouldn’t need any flour) and press out the air.

Now divide the mixture into twelve using a palette knife. (I weighed each piece as I’m like that)

Take one piece of the dough and shape it into a round then roll it between the fingers of each hand, keeping your hands flat, to form a fairly smooth round ball (this should only take about 10 seconds or so) then do the same with the remaining pieces of dough.

This video helps a lot!

Arrange them on the lined or greased baking sheet (allowing plenty of room for expansion).

Poke a hole in each one and pop in a red quails egg if you want to, or just pipe crosses on all of them after they have risen, if you want the least faff version.

Leave them to rise on the lined baking sheet inside a large, lightly greased polythene bag for 45 minutes to an hour, or again until about double the size.

Mix the cross ingredients together. It has to be smooth enough to pipe (I used a disposable, small piping bag).

Once the buns have risen, pipe the crosses on OR brush gently with beaten egg and sprinkle with sesame seeds. Also less faff.

Bake for 17 minutes at 200C until well risen, browned and sounding hollow when the bottoms are tapped.

I have resisted these all weekend, as I’m taking them to work, but I gave in and tried one. They are delicious. Exactly how I wanted them to be. Savoury, with an overtone of cheese, and small sweetness pockets from the sultanas. I will absolutely make these again.


no pattern eggs

Tiny eggs

Prep

mastichi

Cheese mixture

Dough

Dough risen

Buns n eggs

Baked buns

06/04/2018

Calcutta Cabbage Tangles

This is not my recipe, but one borrowed from Nisha Katona, founder and powerhouse behind the Mowgli chain of Indian restaurants.

I say chain, but they are the furthest from the bland, corporate chain than anything could be. There’s a beating heart in each one, and each one, like siblings, retains the looks, but the details and personalities are all different.

I read this recipe from an interview Nisha did with Good Things magazine, and they linked to it.

I had cabbage, I had spices, and I had to make it. It turns out that I didn’t have all the spices, but I winged it. I also didn’t use English mustard powder, as I dislike it intensely.

This is the original recipe: http://goodthingsmagazine.com/calcutta-cabbage-tangles/

And here is mine.

It’s fresh, and spring-like, vegetal but not overpowering, and gently warming. It made a gorgeous lunch.


Serves 4

INGREDIENTS

1 tbsp oil
1.5 tsp white mustard seeds
1 clove garlic, finely chopped
1 spring cabbage, washed and finely sliced
1 tsp turmeric
1 tsp chilli powder (I used pul biber, as I prefer the softer heat)
1 dsp Red’s mustard sauce, thinned a little with 2 tbs water
1 tsp sugar
1/2 salt, or to taste

METHOD

Heat the oil in a large frying pan set over a medium heat, and fry the mustard seeds until they crackle and pop.

Add the garlic, followed swiftly by the cabbage, turmeric, and chilli.

Reduce the heat to low and cook until the cabbage is soft.

Add the salt, sugar and the diluted mustard just before dishing up.

Tip: A final squeeze of lemon works a treat.

Recipe courtesy of Nish Katona. For more information visit nishakatona.com | mowglistreetfood.com

Calcutta Cabbage Tangles

Artichokes with browned butter and Hilopites noodles

You know how sometimes a cooking method can escape you time and time again, and then one day you read one more account of how to do it, and it all makes sense? Today I had that with artichoke prep.

Not the big globe ones, but the smaller, purple ones. Perfect little flower heads that, nonetheless, still have something of the Audrey II about them. I’ve never really felt that I’d got to grips with them, until today when I read a passage in Giorgio Locatelli’s book Made in Italy, and boom, there it was. Once I have a visual on how something works, I can usually get it right (not always!) and he painted a good picture. This is very important for me, as I adore the things.

First, of course, you have to prepare them, which isn’t as complicated as you might think. Start by taking the artichoke in one hand and, leaving the stalk on (because it makes the artichoke look more elegant), snap off and discard each outside leaf in turn, stopping when you get down to the tender, pale green-yellow leaves. Next, with a small sharp paring knife, peel off the stringy outside of the stalk and work around the top of the stalk at the base of the artichoke, trimming and scraping away the base and turning the artichoke as you go. Finally, trim off the pointed tops of the remaining leaves, then cut each artichoke in half lengthways and use a spoon to scoop out and discard the hairy choke from each half (it will be very small, as the artichokes are not fully developed). To prevent the artichokes discolouring, rub them with a halved lemon, then keep them submerged in a bowl of water with a squeeze of lemon juice added (or vitamin C, which you can buy from health food shops) until you are ready to use them. ~ Locatelli, Giorgio. Made in Italy: Food and Stories (Kindle Locations 1133-1140). HarperCollins Publishers. Kindle Edition.

I’d just bought four of them at Borough Market, along with some Greek flat noodles and graviera from Oliveology, so as soon as I got home I set to it, though my artichokes didn’t have long stalks, so no faff required there. The only salt you need is in the pasta, as the cheese and butter have enough. (I’m sure chefs would tell me otherwise.)


2 medium purple artichokes (they will probably have a little bit of the choke in if they are larger than egg size)

1 lemon

Prep the artichokes like Giorgio says. I cut mine in half to get the choke out, then in half again, and submerged them in water with a squeeze of half the lemon in it.

Then:

About 1 oz/28g butter

Graviera cheese, or fresh pecorino, grated – how much is up to you!

1 cup small pasta ribbons


Melt the butter, then turn the heat up so that it starts to brown. You will smell it change to a caramel aroma when it starts to brown. Keep an eye on it as you want browned and nutty, not burned and gritty.

At the same time put a small pan of water on to boil, and salt it.

Pat the artichokes dry, then put them cut side down into the foaming browned butter. Careful, it will splutter a bit.

Turn them with tongs to get them all coated.

Add the noodles to the boiling water.

Keep turning and basting the ‘chokes until every side is full of the butter, add 1 tbs of the pasta water, then turn the heat down, and put a lid on so they can cook through. When a knife pierces the stalk end easily, they are done.

When the noodles are cooked, drain and add to the ‘choke pan. Mix in really well so they get coated too.

Serve in a bowl, because you don’t want to lose any of that butter, and top with a cloud of grated cheese and an extra spritz of fresh lemon.

I will happily admit that upon the first mouthful of artichoke, I just closed my eyes and luxuriated in the taste. I think I’m going to go buy some more…

artichokes before prep


hilopites


artichoke prep


finished dish



03/04/2018

Hot Cross Buns

I’ve tried making these before, and although they always tasted good, the texture left a lot to be desired. Tasty hockey pucks come to mind. I know that with the huge proliferation of them in the shops, I really do not need to make my own, but that fruited spiced smell wafting through the house as they rise and then bake is…well it’s on equal footing with the Christmas cake for me.  

Having had a lot of success with Paul Hollywood’s breads, and rolls, I decided to go with his recipe. Goodness me it seemed to take forever.

  • Mix the plain dough, let it rise 1, 2, 3, hours.
  • Chop the whole peels into very small bits.
  • Knock the dough down, knead in copious amounts of spices and dried fruits for ten minutes.
  • Let it rise again for another hour.
  • Knock it down, measure it out into 12 equal pieces, roll each into a ball, place on a lined baking tray.
  • Let them rise again for an hour.
  • Mix up paste for crosses.
  • Pipe crosses
  • Bake.

Oh they were good though. A bit more dense by the next day but still good.

Purely in the interests of Science (mostly) Tex suggested I also bake Delia Smith’s recipe. Well why not, says I? After all, I’ve got a lot of fruit and peels to use up, and it’s Easter, and we all like some hot bun action.

Delia's seemed to come together faster, though I did have to add extra flour. Her 450g was just too wet, so I made it up to 500g.

  • Put all dough ingredients, fruits, peels and spices into a bowl/stand mixer and mix it all until well combined.
  • Leave to rise for 1 – 2 hours.
  • Knock it down, measure it out into 12 equal pieces, roll each into a ball, place on a lined baking tray.
  • Let them rise again for an hour.
  • Mix up paste for crosses.
  • Pipe crosses
  • Bake.

Also very good, and they seemed to rise and round out more and stayed softer overnight.

I think I’ll probably do an amalgamation of the two recipes next year. Most of Paul’s ingredients (minus the apple and the orange zest) and Delia’s method (with my own additions), though her yeast measurement works a treat, so that stays.

Hollywood mixed with Delia Buns (which just sounds weird)

500g strong white bread flour, plus extra for dusting

10g salt

75g caster sugar

14g instant yeast

40g unsalted butter, softened

2 medium eggs, beaten

120ml hand hot full-fat milk

120ml hand hot water

150g sultanas

80g chopped mixed peel (whole peels are much MUCH nicer. Just dip them in flour to make them easier to chop finely. I get mine from here.)

1 tsp orange blossom water or orange extract

1 tsp ground cinnamon

2 – 3 tsp mixed spice

For the crosses

75g plain flour

75ml water

1 tsp icing sugar

1 tsp orange extract

(I used a stand mixer, I fully admit it.)

First tip the flour into a large mixing bowl and add the salt, yeast, mixed spice and cinnamon then give it a good mix.

Add the caster sugar followed by the sultanas and candied peel then mix these dry ingredients together and make a well in the centre.

Next add the butter and pour the hand-hot milk and the hand-hot water over the butter followed by the beaten egg. Now mix everything to a dough, starting with a spatula and finishing with your hands until it is all combined, evenly mixed and leaves the bowl clean. Add a spot more milk if it needs it. (I used the dough hook on low so that nothing splashed out of the bowl)

Next cover the bowl with a polythene bag (I used a shower cap) and leave it at room temperature to rise – it will take about 1½ hours to 2 hours to double its original volume.

Turn the dough out on to a clean work surface (you shouldn’t need any flour) and press out the air.

Now divide the mixture into twelve using a palette knife. (I weighed each piece as I’m like that)

Take one piece of the dough and shape it into a round then roll it between the fingers of each hand, keeping your hands flat, to form a fairly smooth round ball (this should only take about 10 seconds or so) then do the same with the remaining pieces of dough.

This video helps a lot!

Arrange them on the lined or greased baking sheet (allowing plenty of room for expansion).

Leave them to rise once more inside a large, lightly greased polythene bag for 45 minutes to an hour, or again until about double the size.

Make up the paste, and put into either a small piping bag or a plastic bag that you can cut the corner off.

This video shows it much more clearly than I can explain it. It also seems to be the most sensible one I’ve seen. All the others cut the tip off the bag and then filled it. That’s a very good way to get paste everywhere before you even start.


Plain dough

Risen plain dough

chopped whole peel

Whole peel citron choppedi


Paul’s: shaped and piped

Hollywood: shaped buns and piped


Delia’s: shaped and piped

Delia: shaped buns and piped


Paul’s: baked

Hollywood recipe baked



Delia’s: baked

Delia buns baked


Paul’s: texture

Hollywood buns texture


Delia’s: texture

Delia buns texture